- People with hypothyroidism means they have a thyroid gland that cannot produce enough hormones that are helpful in the body’s cell growth and metabolism.
- Not having adequate thyroid hormones lead to slower metabolism, a condition linked to various health problems like heart diseases.
- Having iodine added to the diet and doing aerobic exercises have been suggested for people with the condition.
Hypothyroidism is the condition where the thyroid gland is underactive, or it cannot make enough thyroid hormone, thus, affecting cell growth, repair and metabolism.
Primary hypothyroidism is caused by an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, where the immune system mistakenly destroys the thyroid gland. Other causes include genetics, iodine deficiency and surgery, which occur even when thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) are not released enough from the thyroid gland.
How does hypothyroidism impact metabolism?
Having hypothyroidism means having a sluggish metabolism. This is because the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of the hormone, slowing down the rate of metabolism. Since TSH controls the metabolism rate, having a fast metabolism is a sign of good health. Other than making weight loss difficult, slow metabolism causes high cholesterol and increased heart disease risks.
One way that might increase metabolism is engaging in aerobic exercises or high-intensity workouts. Diet is also important.
What To Eat
Iodine is a mineral that is needed for the production of thyroid hormone which should be an essential part of your diet. Iodine deficiency leads to hypothyroidism. While the deficiency is more common in many other parts of the world that do not have enough iodine available in their diet, it is rare in the United States since the addition of iodine to salt and other foods. Foods rich in iodine include fish, eggs, seaweed, and dairy products.
- Foods rich in iodine and selenium
Excess iodine causes health problems, so taking supplements may not be the solution. Rather, consume foods that can raise selenium levels which are needed to stimulate thyroid hormone production. Examples of these foods are nuts, legumes, eggs, tuna and sardines. Both iodine and selenium are found in egg yolks. One hard-boiled egg provides about 20 mcg of selenium, so best if eaten whole.
Zinc, like iodine, is another mineral that protects thyroid glands from the free radicals. To make up for zinc deficiency, consume foods like beef, chicken, lamb, oysters and shellfish.
Adding protein to your diet could also help boost metabolism. Best to consume cruciferous vegetables, fruits, gluten-free grains like rice, quinoa, chia and flax seeds. Dairy and non-caffeinated drinks are also recommended.
Goitrogens are substances that disrupt the production of thyroid hormones. Foods that are found to be goitrogenic are: spinach, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, pine nuts, peanuts, millet, starchy plants and soy foods. However, studies say that this only applies to persons suffering from iodine deficiency.
Source: Medical Daily