- A recent study revealed there are gender differences in weight loss and improved health outcomes.
- The research confirmed that men lose weight more and faster than women.
- Notably, men also improved more health-wise—they have greater lowered risks in heart rate, body fat, diabetes, hypertension and BMI.
Frustrating as it is, it’s confirmed in a recent study that men lose weight faster than women. More than 2,000 pre-diabetic participants were subjected to an 800 cal/day diet on an 8-week trial. Gender differences in weight loss and improved health outcomes were observed.
Overall, 35% of the men and women participants with elevated glucose levels prior to the study, were no longer pre-diabetic.
An average weight loss of 26 lbs was observed in men compared to the 22 lbs lost by their female counterparts. However, women lost more inches in the hips than men.
Health-wise, men were noted to have greater lowered risks in heart rate, body fat, diabetes, hypertension and BMI. However, women experienced a larger reduction in the so-called “good” cholesterol HDL, which could be risky for heart health. Bone mineral density and lean mass were also greatly reduced in women, which are indicative of weaker bones and less muscle, respectively.
The physiological makeup of both sexes accounts for the different effects of the diet on their metabolic rates. The body composition of men has more muscle and a higher metabolic rate than women.
Typically, males consume more calories in their usual diets, thereby experiencing a greater caloric deficit during the diet program. This, in turn, leads to losing weight faster than women, according to Dr. Elizabeth Lowden, bariatric endocrinologist at Delnor Hospital in Geneva, Illinois who was not involved in the study.
The study also revealed comparative metabolic effects of the diet in men and women. Men have more visceral fat, which is fat around the midsection surrounding internal organs. Lowden explained that losing visceral fat improves the metabolic rate and aids in burning more calories.
In contrast, women have more subcutaneous fat, which is fat around their thighs, rear and hips that is essential for childbearing. A loss of subcutaneous fat does not improve metabolic risks because it is not metabolically active.
The study did not mention though whether some of the women in the trials have gone through menopause. Results will be significantly influenced because women have metabolically active fat due to more fat in their midsections after menopause.
Another limitation of the study is that findings only centered on short-term changes; weight loss and health benefits achieved over a longer time were not considered.
Published in the Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism journal on August 7, records of obese adults from England, Australia and New Zealand were followed during the diet study trials. The low caloric diet consisted mainly of a liquid diet with intake of 375 grams of low-calorie vegetables daily.
Source: Live Science