Stomach Ulcer: Foods to Eat and Avoid

  • A stomach ulcer, or gastric ulcer, happens when the layer that protects the stomach from digestive juices becomes damaged.
  • When you have a stomach ulcer, it is recommended to limit your spicy and acidic food intake.
  • Drinking tea can help manage stomach ulcers.

Managing your stomach ulcer involves avoiding foods that can trigger your symptoms and worsen your condition. Also, doctors recommend that you increase your consumption of healthy foods and improve your eating habits.

Here are the foods you should include in your diet and the eating habits you need to follow to avoid stomach ulcer symptoms from worsening.

1. Increase intake of high fiber foods.   

It is vital for people with stomach ulcers to eat a lot of fiber-containing foods. According to studies, people who consume much soluble fiber in their diet have a lower risk of developing a peptic ulcer. Good sources of soluble fiber include apple, beans, carrots, oatmeal, pears, and peas, while food that contains insoluble fibers are cauliflower, green beans, nuts, potatoes, and whole greens. If you are not a fiber-eater but have a stomach ulcer, gradually introduce fiber in your diet to avoid gastrointestinal upset.

2. Add flavonoid-rich foods to your diet.  

Helicobacter pylori bacteria causes stomach ulcers by its action on the mucous membrane lining the gastrointestinal tract. In studies, it has been found that foods rich in flavonoids can inhibit the growth of H. pylori. While flavonoid-rich foods do not kill the bacteria, they prevent the bacteria from harming the stomach lining.

3. Choose foods high in antioxidants.

In several studies, antioxidants, like vitamin C, have been shown to eliminate Helicobacter pylori. Participants who took small doses of vitamin C have seen improvements in their condition. But not all vitamin C-containing fruits are good for stomach cancer. Oranges, for one, although they are high in vitamin C, are acidic and may cause stomach upset. Instead, try broccoli, Brussel sprouts, potatoes, and strawberries for your dose of vitamin C.

Capsaicin, the compound that makes the peppers spicy, is another antioxidant found to have healing effects for GI ulcers. While that is the case, capsaicin best works for ulcers caused by frequent non-steroidal inflammatory drug use. When used in other ulcers with a different cause, it might only worsen the condition. 

4. Eat more foods with vitamin A content.

According to studies, another nutrient found in foods, vitamin A or retinol, helps form the protective mucus in the stomach and GI tract. Get your vitamin A from food sources like broccoli, carrots, dark leafy veggies like kale and spinach, eggs, and liver and liver products. 

5. Drink more tea.

Black, green, oolong, and white tea have been shown in laboratory research to be effective in preventing the overgrowth of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach. Furthermore, these teas did not harm the bacteria that is good for the gut.

6. Avoid eating fried and fatty foods.

Fried and fatty foods are known to make stomach ulcers worse. It is because fatty foods get digested slowly, allowing foods to ferment, resulting in heavier feeling, gas formation, and bloating.

7. Reduce intake of non-fermented dairy products.

Dairy products like cheese, sour cream, and yogurt have been linked to a healthier gut and stomach ulcer risk reduction. On the other hand, non-fermented dairy products, like ice cream and ice cream, have different effects. They are associated with poorer gut health and an increased ulcer risk because they do not contain probiotics which are good bacteria for the gut.

8. Lessen consumption of alcohol and coffee.

Both alcohol and coffee have adverse effects on gut health. Alcohol erodes the protective mucus layer of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract, leading to more inflammation and bleeding, while coffee increases stomach acid production and causes more gastric irritation.

Source: Health Grades

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