- A recent study analyzed 1600 coronavirus patients from the UK and the US.
- According to their symptoms, patients were classified into six groups after five days of observation.
- The results of the study can be the basis of the appropriate medical care needed by each patient.
Between March and April, coronavirus patients’ symptoms were observed and recorded. These patients were part of the study conducted by King’s College London. According to the study’s lead researcher, Dr. Carole Sudre, the study aims to analyze the symptoms of different patients and assign them the best possible medical treatment.
Results of the Study
After a 5-day observation of the patients, the researchers came up with six different types of Covid-19 infections based on their symptoms.
1. Flu-like without fever
Patients experienced headaches, cough, sore throat, muscle pains, and chest pains. They lost their sense of smell but did not develop any fever.
2. Flu-like with fever
Patients had a headache, cough, sore throat, hoarseness, and fever. They also had no sense of smell and appetite.
3. Abdominal without fever and cough
Patients showed symptoms like headache, sore throat, chest pain, loss of smell and appetite, and diarrhea.
4. Fatigue ( Level 1 Severity)
There is headache, cough, fever, hoarseness, chest pain, loss of smell, and fatigue among patients.
5. Confusion (Level 2 Severity)
Aside from the symptoms listed in cluster 4, the patients also experienced the loss of appetite, sore throat, muscle pain, and confusion.
6. Gastrointestinal and Respiratory (Level 3 Severity)
The patients included here experienced all the symptoms in cluster 5 with the additional symptoms of shortness of breath, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
Highlights of the Result
Researchers also found out that:
- All patients experienced headaches and loss of smell.
- Healthier and younger patients mostly experienced symptoms that are in the first three clusters.
- Those patients that belong to clusters 4-6 are older and have other diseases like diabetes, obesity, and lung problems.
- From cluster 1, 1.5% among them, 4.4% among group 2 and 3.3% from cluster 3 needed breathing apparatus and equipment.
- In the last 3 cluster group, more people needed breathing support like oxygen and ventilator. From 8.6% of cluster 4, it increased to 9.9 with the fifth cluster, and the last group registered the most number of patients requiring breathing assistance, which is 19.9%.
- Almost 50% of patients in cluster 1 were hospitalized while only 16% from the first cluster needed hospitalization.
- Majority of patients who needed breathing apparatus went to the hospital by the 13th day.
- Among the 1600 patients, 462 were in the first cluster, 315 in cluster 2, 216 are in the third group, 280 belonged to cluster 4, 213 in the fifth cluster, and the sixth cluster with the least patient of 167.
Importance of the Study
While the results of this study are yet to be verified and assessed by other doctors, Dr. Claire Steves from King’s College explains that the results could serve as a basis and warning to evaluate who are the patients most at risk and needed intensive care. Early interventions can also be applied once symptoms are analyzed as early as the fifth day, as done in the study. This data could help doctors simplify treatment, which could be given at home to avoid hospitalization. The early and immediate treatments can also help save the patients’ lives.
Source: New York Post