- Blood clots are developed when there’s a restriction in the blood flow in the veins and arteries.
- If you have skin discoloration, warm skin, leg cramps, swelling, shortness of breath, back pain, and excessive sweating, alone or together, go to your doctor immediately as blood clots can lead to the more serious DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) or Pulmonary Thrombosis.
- Sitting for long hours and taking birth control pills are just some of the factors that cause blood clots.
What is a blood clot?
Normal blood is liquid and naturally flows. Clots or clogs in the skin, veins, and arteries restrict blood flow.
According to the American Society of Hematology (ASH), blood clots are symptoms that the body is working on preventing and protecting it from losing too much blood after an injury. However, even if there is no obvious injury, it can form in a vein or artery. It naturally dissolves. Otherwise, it can lead to complications if you do not get treatment for it.
The best action is to consult a doctor if you see any of these 7 signs:
1. Discolored skin
Normal blood flow is disrupted when blood clots occur and causes reddish or any discolorations on your skin. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this must be checked by a doctor.
2. Warm Skin
Disruption is the blood flow can also lead to warm skin. If you have been having blood clots and the warm skin continues, call your doctor.
3. Leg cramps
Leg cramps or pain similar to charley horse have been experienced by people who have had blood clots in the legs. People who also have Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or major vein blood clots in the lower limbs exhibit leg cramps, aches, and pains. DVT occurs when you have been sitting for a long time or in a cramped position like on a long flight.
About 1 in 3 people with DVT will have pulmonary embolism. This is a condition wherein a portion of the clot in the legs breaks off and travels to the lungs so do not ignore leg blood clots.
The first three symptoms — discoloration, warm skin, and leg cramps, usually appear together.
According to the CDC. one of the reasons for the swelling in the leg, arm, ankle, hand, or foot, is a blood clot, according to the CDC.
5. Shortness of breath
Chest pain, difficulty in breathing, and shortness of breath are symptoms of pulmonary embolism. People may also cough up blood, pass out, and or decrease blood pressure.
6. Back pain
Back pain is an indication that there is a blood clot in the pelvic area or in the major abdominal vein, the inferior vena cava. Even if this symptom is not common, the American College of Cardiology said that 2.6 to 4 percent of people with DVT have inferior vena cava thrombosis. Because it cuts off blood supply, this should be treated immediately by your doctor.
7. Excessive sweating
If you have profuse sweating together with other symptoms in this list, go to your doctor immediately for consultation and treatment.
Have your doctor examine and investigate blood clots for proper treatment. The earlier diagnosis, the early treatment and arrest of any major disease like DVT or PVT. Avoid sitting for long periods of time, avoid injuries, including fractures and major surgery and other risk factors such as hormone use like birth control pills, pregnancy, bed confinement, and treatment for chronic conditions like heart and lung disease.
Remember, blood clots are medical emergencies.
Source: The Healthy